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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2015| July-December  | Volume 5 | Issue 2  
    Online since January 28, 2016

 
 
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CASE REPORTS
Dental considerations of capillary malformation
Deepa Jatti Patil, Ajay Singh Kataria, Gagan Puri, Aravinda Konidena
July-December 2015, 5(2):81-85
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175026  
Hemangiomas and vascular malformations (VMs) are the two types of vascular lesions. VMs are further subdivided according to the type of involved vessels present as arterial, arterio-venous, venous, and capillary or lymphatic malformations. The capillary malformation (CM) previously was considered to be a hemangioma and was known as port wine stain, and hereby presenting a case report on the orodental manifestations of CM.
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Gingival depigmentation to enhance esthetics by two different modalities
Abhishek Gautam, Vaibhava Raaj, Mamta Singh, Anusha
July-December 2015, 5(2):91-93
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175027  
Gingival pigmentation is present in all races of the human community. The distribution and the intensity of color are different not only among different races but also in different area of the same oral cavity. The presence of pigmentation can be because of various reasons, but melanocyte deposition in basal layer of oral epithelium is one of the main factors for brown pigmentation. These pigmentation of melanin are been removed as cosmetic therapy. This case report presents two different treatment modalities of depigmentation in the same patient and hence giving us a better treatment modality between laser and electrocautery. The clinical results of these two methods have been compared by different criteria, which makes laser above the electrocautery in different ways.
  1 3,262 14
Prosthetic management of misaligned implants by cast post and core supported prosthesis
Rupali Patil, Shrinivas Vasant Bhide, N Vasantha Vijayaraghavan, Kishore Kumar
July-December 2015, 5(2):94-96
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175028  
Encountering misaligned implants are a rare occurrence in the current scenario. Nevertheless, management of the same poses a significant challenge to restorative dentist. The concept of Richmond crown may be used as an alternative solution though it may not be the best in terms of stress management for implants. Customized UCLA abutments could not be used in the particular clinical situation. The present article discusses management of improperly placed implants in the esthetic zone using customized cast with Richmond crown.
  - 2,376 12
Intraoral foreign body: A case report and review of literature
Clement Chinedu Azodo, Paul Erhabor, Nneka M Chukwumah, Philip Ogordi
July-December 2015, 5(2):97-99
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175031  
Children often have the habit of placing objects in their mouth, and these objects may be accidentally implanted in the oral cavity, ingested or aspirated. The article reported a case of foreign body (inner tube of a biro) forming a collar on the cervical one-third of the crown of 72 in an otherwise healthy 6-year-old male child. There was no history of pain, but mother was bothered by the discoloration and “peeling off” the tooth and requested management of the condition. Artery forcep was used to remove the object to the relief of the mother. In conclusion, dentists attending to a child should suspect foreign body when nonpainful discoloration and “peel off” of the tooth are the presenting complaint even if the child patient did not admit placing the foreign body in the mouth. Inner tube of a biro should be included in the list of intraoral foreign body.
  - 2,626 12
Multidisciplinary management of a case of dentinogenesis imperfecta
Sajani Ramachandran, Sibu Sajjan Simon
July-December 2015, 5(2):86-90
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175030  
Preventive and restorative care are of utmost importance in the management of cases of dentinogenesis imperfecta in order to restore function, esthetics and also prevent further damage of the remaining dental tissues. The multidisciplinary approach would help to provide the optimal treatment outcome. This case report is about management of a case of dentinogenesis imperfecta with endodontic, periodontic, and prosthodontic intervention for a full mouth rehabilitation so as to improve the psychologic well-being of the patient in addition to all the other requirements.
  - 3,474 14
Herpes labialis in patient with periodontitis: A concomitant or exacerbating factor
Clement C Azodo, Ifeyinwa E Uche
July-December 2015, 5(2):77-80
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175029  
The significance of herpes viruses in the causation and pathogenesis of periodontal diseases is not completely understood. However, the viral-bacterial association appears to be implicated in the development of periodontal diseases. The article was a report of herpes labialis in a patient with periodontitis as a concomitant or exacerbating factor. This article reported a case of herpes labialis in an otherwise healthy 59-year-old female with Miller Grade I mobility of 47 associated 5 mm periodontal pocket and severe pain. Subgingival scaling, root planning, and grinding of the nonfunctional cusp of affected tooth was done under local anesthesia. The periodontal dressing was applied, analgesics and antibiotic medication prescribed, warm saline mouth bath and oral hygiene instruction given before discharge. On recall, complete resolution of pain, tooth mobility, and herpes labialis were noted. In conclusion, herpes labialis may be considered as a potential periodontitis exacerbating or concomitant factor if it occurs before or at same time, respectively. Assessment of symptoms of herpes labialis and evaluation of herpes simplex-1 antibodies in periodontitis patients of the negroid race presenting with pain is recommended.
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EDITORIAL
From the Editors desk
KMK Masthan
July-December 2015, 5(2):53-53
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175035  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Effect of different intra-canal post materials on detection of root fractures using cone-beam computed tomography
Hamideh Karimpour, Ehsan Moudi, Sina Haghanifar, Maryam Rezai Dastjerdi, Saeid Tavanafar, Hakimeh Ghorbani
July-December 2015, 5(2):54-58
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175036  
Aim: The aim of the present study is to test the accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting simulated root fractures (RFs) in endodontically treated teeth with different post and cores. Materials and Methods: Forty maxillary central incisors without any defects were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10) according to type of posts; Group A (Cast), B (fiber-reinforced composite post [FRC]), C (hybrid composite), and D (control, without any post). Except teeth in Group D, all of the samples were endodontically treated and prepared for post restoration. Using a reference, FRC post and core, cast post and core, and core build-up in Group C were completed. In Group C, hybrid composite was placed directly into post space. All of the samples were prepared for standard metal crowns considering 2 mm of the ferrule in their preparation. To simulate clinical situation, teeth were mounted in 135° angulation. A universal testing machine was used to fracture the teeth. Then, the CBCT scans were obtained, and three oral and maxillofacial radiologists assessed the images for the presence of RFs. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results: There was no significant difference among four groups. The lowest sensitivity was for Group A and B. Kappa coefficient for first and second observer was 0.972 ± 0.0391 and for third observer 0.876 ± 0.0391 (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Within limitations of this in vitro study, different postmaterials had no significant effect on diagnostic abilities of CBCT in detecting RFs.
  - 2,442 21
Correlation of dental caries and blood group in Western Punjab population in India
Smit Singla, Akhilesh Verma, Snehil Goyal, Itika Singla, Anjali Shetty
July-December 2015, 5(2):59-61
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175034  
Background: Prevalence and treatment of the caries disease are interconnected concepts. Association between dental caries and ABO blood group is not studied in relation to a specific geographic location. Here a study conducted on a group of patients belonging to Western Punjab region. Objective: To determine the severity of dental caries in each type of blood group (ABO). Methods: The sample for the study consisted of 150 patients undergoing routine dental checkup in the dental center. Correlation between dental caries and blood groups were done using decayed, missing, and filled teeth index. Results: There is increased the prevalence of dental caries in nonsecretor as compared to secretors in Western Punjab population. Conclusion: Non secretors are more prone to dental caries as compared to secretors.
  - 4,664 19
REVIEW ARTICLES
Immunity and periodontics: Connecting the dots
HS Grover, Rohit Saini, Pearl Bhardwaj, Amit Bhardwaj
July-December 2015, 5(2):62-67
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175025  
Immunity is divided into two parts – the innate and adaptive responses. The innate immune system relies upon limited receptors to detect invading pathogens but compensates by targeting conserved microbial components that are shared by the large groups of pathogens. Various cells involved in innate immune responses include neutrophils, macrophages, dendritic cells, mast cell, neutrophils, natural killer cells, and eosinophils. The innate immune responses are the first line of defense against invading pathogens. They are also required to initiate specific adaptive immune responses. The second kind of protection is adaptive immunity which develops throughout our lives. It uses two basic strategies – Humoral immunity which works to eliminate antigens that are extracellular and cellular immunity which deals with antigen residing within a host cell. T- and B-lymphocytes are the main self-defense weapons of the adaptive immune system. Adaptive immunity relies upon a clonal system with each T-cell and B-cell expressing its own unique receptor.
  - 5,056 18
Pro-Argin: A promising technology for dental hypersensitivity
Mythri Halappa, Prasun Roy, JV Bharateesh, KR Kashinath
July-December 2015, 5(2):68-71
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175032  
Dentin hypersensitivity is a common occurrence and is often a chief concern among patients. The successful management of dentin hypersensitivity is often very challenging for the dental professional as the cause of the pain and the description of the discomfort varies. There are traditional methods that have been clinically evaluated and found to be effective, but a more effective, faster acting, and long-lasting treatment is required. Hence, Pro-Argin technology is considered to be a promising treatment for dentin hypersensitivity and stain removal.
  - 4,217 21
Systemic management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis
A Winnifred Christy, J Leelavathy, T Jones Raja Devathambi, VM Roobitha
July-December 2015, 5(2):72-76
DOI:10.4103/2229-6360.175033  
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is the most common chronic disease of the oral cavity, affecting 5–25% of the population. The underlying etiology remains unclear, and no curative treatment is available. Local treatment will suffice for the majority of aphthous ulcers and only in the case of continuous outbreaks and symptoms systemic drug should be prescribed as pain is intense, and topical treatment is unable to afford symptoms relief. Systemic therapy is indicated in such situations with the triune action of providing symptom relief, promoting wound healing, and preventing recurrence. A PubMed search with the keywords of aphthous ulcers and systemic management was done, and all clinical trials and review articles in English literature from 1985 to 2014 were retrieved and compiled.
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