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   2013| May-July  | Volume 3 | Issue 3  
    Online since August 5, 2015

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Storage media for avulsed tooth - A review
Badruddin Ahmed Bazmi, Anil Kumar Singh, Sudipta Kar, Hajara Mubtasum
May-July 2013, 3(3):741-749
Avulsion is a complex injury affecting the pulp, periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. Avulsed permanent teeth can survive following replantation. Viable periodontal ligament (PL) cells are required for PL healing of avulsed teeth following replantation. If immediate replantation cannot be accomplished, the ability of PL progenitor cells to reproduce (clonogenic capacity) and recolonize the wound may be extended by prevention of desiccation and storage in physiological media. The present review discusses the various available storage media for avulsed teeth and their potential maintenance of the vitality of periodontal ligament cells. The choice of storage medium for preserving traumatically avulsed teeth is important for the success of future replantation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Determination of skeletal age by middle phalanx of third finger- A review
Gautam Kumar Kundu, Monalisa Das, Biswaroop Chandra
May-July 2013, 3(3):734-740
The significance of age estimation has different directions - from determination of unknown age to forensic interest. Every hard tissue has specific ossification centres for maturation in a specific time and these key centres may help to unlock the mystery of changing hard tissue during the periods of growth spurts. The bones of middle phalanx of third finger reach their highest level of maturation through some developmental stages (MP3 stages) which can be used as a simple tool for prediction of developmental status of a growing child. This article presents a review of skeletal age determination using maturation of middle phalanx of third finger.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Periodontics as an adjunct to clinical orthodontics: An update
Nandini Bhaskar, Arun K Garg, Vandana Gupta
May-July 2013, 3(3):756-761
In recent years, because of the increased number of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment, orthodontists frequently face patients with periodontal problems. Both the short term and long term successful outcome of orthodontic treatment is influenced by the patient's periodontal status, that is before, during, and after active orthodontic therapy. Hence, to provide optimal treatment to such patients, an active participation between the orthodontist and the periodontist is imperative. This article will be concentrating mainly on those periodontal procedures which should be carried out at appropriate time during various stages of orthodontic therapy to achieve optimal therapeutic results.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Ectopic eruption of canine and a review of its pathogenesis
Divya Uppala, Sumit Majumdar
May-July 2013, 3(3):762-764
Ectopic canine teeth especially maxillary, form displaced from their normal position. Many permanent teeth can develop ectopic, and the reason may be environmental and genetic. Orthodontic treatment is recommended as the ectopic canine teeth can migrate and damage the roots of adjacent teeth, further esthetic reasons are a clear indication for treatment. Malocclusion with severe anterior crowding is another problem faced in these cases. This article reports a case of severe anterior crowding with a bucally displaced maxillary canine and a retained deciduous maxillary canine.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Currrrent concepts of Haemangioma vs Vascular Malformation: Map the difference
Deepa Jatti Patil
May-July 2013, 3(3):750-755
Vascular anomalies are congenital errors in vascular development. They frequently involve the head, neck, and oral cavity. Subdivided into hemangiomas and vascular malformations, these vascular anomalies remain poorly understood. However, "haemangioma" still continues to be used as a clinical and pathological description of many different types of vascular anomalies, which complicates the care of patients and misinterpretation of cases reported in the literature. In this review we will recapitulate the current classification, terminology, and the pathological basis of these lesions and discuss their management.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Mandibular telescopic denture with accesssspost: A clinical report
Shiamala Singh, Purushottam Manvi, Harsh Vardhan Singh
May-July 2013, 3(3):775-778
A difficult challenge for the dentist and the patient is the changeover from the dentate to the edentulous state. For many patients, the loss of their remaining teeth and the conversion from the partially dentate status to complete edentulism is a psychologically traumatic experience. A conservative approach to root preservation is a suitable and sensible measure in preventive prosthodontics. A patient presented with a few remaining teeth in the mandibular arch with good stability and periodontal health. The unique pattern of partial edentulism was treated with a telescopic overdenture using accesspost system. The final restoration was stable, well retained and esthetic, serving as a conservative approach to root preservation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Radicular cyst or odontogenic keratocyst? : A case report
Rohan Bhede, Shruti Bohra
May-July 2013, 3(3):770-774
Inflammatory jaw cysts comprise a group of lesions that arise as a result of epithelial proliferation within an inflammatory focus due to a number of causes. Radicular cysts are the most common inflammatory cysts. These cysts are found most commonly seen at the apices of the involved teeth. These cysts are seldom very large and very rarely cross the midline. There has been a review for Odontogenic keratocyst that it may grow to a very large size before it manifests clinically. Large size of OKC contributes to one of the reasons for considering it as a cystic neoplasm. In the present case, size of the cyst was enormous which was confusing which on histological examination was confirmed as a radicular cyst.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of allograft (dembone) and alloplastic bone graft (osteogen) in the treatment of periodontal intraosssseous defects -A clinico-radiographic study
Veena A Patil, Neetha Malavalli Srinivasa, Akshay V Bhargava, Manthan H Desai, Anurag A Shendre, Narpat Singh Rajput
May-July 2013, 3(3):730-733
Aim: To compare the clinical and radiographic efficacy of allograft (dembone) alloplastic graft (osteogen) in treatment of periodontal intraosseous defects. Materials & Methods: 30 subjects with atleast one intrabony defect with a probing depth of .7mm and vertical radiographic bone loss .3 mm were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided randomly into two groups - group A received allograft (dembone) with resorbabale collagen membrane and group B received alloplastic material (osteogen) with bioresorbabale GTR membrane. Clinical parameters were recorded from base line till 9 months after surgery and included probing depth, clinical attachment level, recession and amount of defect fill. Results: In both groups, significant gains occurred during the study period. At 9 months, group A exhibited mean probing depth reduction of 3.13 ± 0.8 mm, clinical attachment gain of 4.33 ± 1.12 mm, gingival recession gain of 1.2 ± 6.8 mm and defect fill of 4.53 ± 1. 53 mm. Corresponding values of group B were 3.00 ± 0.63 mm, 4.13 ± 1.0 mm, 1.13 ± 0.8 and 5.1 ± 1.31 mm respectively. There were no significant differences in clinical parameters of both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The clinical benefits of dembone were equivalent to osteogen. Osteogen may be an appropriate alternative to conventional grafting materials. However, long term clinical trials in future would further clarify the regenerative efficacy of alloplastic bone grafts.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Retromandibular approach in the treatment of subcondylar fractures
Vijay Ebenezer, R Balakrishnan, Abudakir , Saravana Kumar
May-July 2013, 3(3):725-729
This study was carried out to assess the versatility of the retromandibular approach in the management of subcondylar fractures. Five patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation of their subcondylar fractures using retromandibular approach. Retromandinular vein was encountered in one case (17%). None of the patients had a temporary deficit of facial nerve but there were no signs of permanent nerve injury in any case.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor of mandible - A case report
F Massillamani, S Sathasivasubramanian, J Leelavathy
May-July 2013, 3(3):765-769
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour (AOT) is a rare tumor comprising of 1% of all benign jaw tumors. It is relatively an uncommon, non invasive tumor with slow but progressive growth. It more commonly affects females in their second decade of life. AOT exhibits a predilection for the anterior region of the maxilla. The purpose of this article is to report a rare case of a huge follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumor presenting in the mandibular anterior region crossing the midline, in a 45 year old male patient.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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From the Editor's Desk
KMK Masthan
May-July 2013, 3(3):723-724
Full text not available  [PDF]
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