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   2011| January-February  | Volume 1 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 30, 2015

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Oral hygiene status, knowledge, attitude and practices of oral health among rural children of Kanchipuram District
VC Punitha, P Sivaprakasam
January-February 2011, 1(2):115-118
This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of rural children towards oral health and dental care as well as to assess the oral hygiene status among them. Children (n = 81) between the age group of 5 and 10, who attended the Government school in a village on the day of screening were recruited into the study. The subjects completed an interview schedule that aimed to evaluate young children's, knowledge and attitude. Oral hygiene status was measured using the oral hygiene index. Results: Forty-one (50.61%) children were aware about caries as one of the common problem associated with mouth and teeth and only one child was aware about gum disease. Though 58% children were aware that sweets and chocolates cause dental caries, they were not aware of the other major factors that cause dental problems and how it can be prevented. The participants' oral hygiene habits were found to be irregular, and children consulted the dentist only when there was pain (58.97%). Parents (48.14%) played an important role as a source of information to the children, than teachers (25.92%). The oral hygiene status was found to be fair (OHIs - 1.42) among these children and the proportion of children who had caries was 76.54%. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that children's, knowledge on dental health is poor. Children's, parents and teachers attitudes toward oral health and dental care need to be improved. Oral health educational packages for rural school children, their parents and school teachers are recommended.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Anemia of chronic disease and periodontitis: The missing link
Nithya Anand, SC Chandrasekar, Garima Dembla
January-February 2011, 1(2):82-85
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD), the second most prevalent form of anemia after iron deficiency anemia, is a condition associated with chronic diseases. Increasingly referred to as 'Anemia of inflammation', this type of anemia is to a large extent immune driven and cytokine mediated. This article reviews the various factors interlinking periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory condition with the pathogenesis of ACD.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Extrusion of fractured anterior tooth - An invisible approach
RV Murali, L Rajashekhar, S Rajalingam
January-February 2011, 1(2):96-99
Case report: The management of patients with traumatic injuries to their dentition is an integral part of general dental practice. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the immediate endodontic and orthodontic (lingual) management of traumatized anterior teeth with fracture at the subgingival level, which otherwise would have gone for extraction. History and clinical finding: A 24-year-old male reported with fractured left central incisor following road traffic accident. On clinical examination, it was observed that the upper left central incisor had a horizontal fracture at the cervical one-third level with the fracture line extending subgingivally on palatal side. The traumatized tooth was first treated endodontically, and then referred to our department for orthodontic extrusion before permanent crown placement. Treatment plan: Treatment plan was to extrude the fractured anterior tooth in order to keep the restorative margin supragingival. This was to be followed by a metal cast post and metal free ceramic crown to complete the restoration of tooth. Invisible approach (lingual orthodontics) was used as the patient was insistent upon the braces not being seen outside during the course of the treatment. Conclusion: Tooth extrusion techniques offers excellent treatment option for subgingival fractures. It is a well-documented clinical method for altering the relation between a nonrestorable tooth and its attachment apparatus, extruding sound tooth material from within the alveolar socket by light forces. The use of the lingual technique for forced eruption enhance acceptance of orthodontic treatment by adult patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Cbct - A paradigm shift in the management of dental impactions
C Deepak, B Saravanan, S Kishore Kumar
January-February 2011, 1(2):67-73
Radiographic interpretation and diagnosis of dental impactions have always posed a great challenge to the oral surgeon; this could largely be attributed to the limitations posed by the conventional two-dimensional (2D) imaging modalities. Dental impactions, which can occur due to pathologic or developmental factors, can be evaluated accurately using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) three-dimensional (3D) imaging. 3D localization of the impacted teeth and determination of the type of impaction can be performed using multiplanar reformats from the CBCT data and this data will help the oral surgeon to get a sense of a 3D position of the teeth and its relation to the adjacent anatomic structures. Most importantly 3D images from the CBCT machine allows the surgeon to accurately plan the appropriate treatment strategy as he will be able to visualize the proximity of vital structures and thickness of bone covering the impacted teeth. The teeth most commonly impacted are the mandibular impacted teeth followed by the maxillary canines. Surgical removal of mandibular impacted teeth pose a high risk, as the lingual nerve and the inferior alveolar nerve and vessels pass close to the teeth. The advent of CBCT as contemporary diagnostic aid in craniofacial imaging has brought in a paradigm shift in the diagnosis and management of dental impactions in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Psychosomatic disturbance in relation to periodontium
V Shankar Ram, P Jaya Kumar
January-February 2011, 1(2):74-77
Is a pattern of disruptive psychological and physiological functioning that occurs when an environmental event is appraised as a threat to important goals and one's ability to cope.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,148 19 -
A survey on biomedical waste management
R Mensudar, A Karthick, D Amutha, P Vivekanandhan
January-February 2011, 1(2):86-88
Dental practitioners are becoming increasingly concerned about the potential impact of dentistry on the environment and often take voluntary measures to reduce the production and release of environmentally unfriendly wastes from their practices. So it is important for the dentist to know how to manage and prevent by securing basic knowledge of biohazards components.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,137 19 -
Three-dimensional miniplate fixation in mandibular angle fractures
Vijay Ebenezer, Balakrishnan Ramalingam
January-February 2011, 1(2):89-92
The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) miniplate for monocortical fixation of mandibular angle fractures. The 3D plating system is based on the principle of obtaining support through geometrically stable configuration. The quadrangle geometry of plate assures stability in the 3D of the fracture sites when compared to the conventional miniplates. Twenty-two patients were included in the study with a minimum follow-up period of 18 months. Patients with either isolated mandibular angle fractures or other associated fractures in the mandible were selected. Standard extraoral and intraoral approaches were employed for reduction of fractures. None of the patients were subjected to intermaxillary fixation. All patients in our study had early recovery of normal jaw function. Primary healing and good union of the fracture site with minimal weight loss due to early reinstatement of masticatory function were the other advantages.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Comparison of enzyme β-glucuronidase levels around healthy and diseased implants: A clinical study
MN Prabhu, Jaideep Mahendra
January-February 2011, 1(2):93-95
The sulcus formed around the prosthesis of the implant is termed as 'peri-implant sulcus' and the fluid found in this sulcus is called 'peri-implant sulcular fluid'. ƒΐ-glucuronidase enzyme is an indicator of polymorphonuclear (PMN) influx into the sulcus. ƒΐ-glucuronidase together with hyaluronidase is involved in the catabolism of proteoglycans. The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of enzyme ƒΐ-glucuronidase between healthy and diseased implants. Fifty male subjects with implant prosthesis were screened postoperatively and 19 was selected based on the following inclusion and exclusion criteria. Selections of healthy and diseased implants were based on visual inspection of the gingiva and clinical records obtained within a period of six months prior to sampling. Plaque and gingivitis levels were recorded for the healthy and diseased implants. Filter-paper strips were used for obtaining the sulcular fluid and was assayed for the levels of enzyme ƒΐ-glucuronidase. Despite the small number of implants evaluated in this study, the levels of ƒΐ-glucuronidase were significantly higher around failing implants compared to healthy implants. From the results of this study, it can be inferred that the increased ƒΐ-glucuronidase levels can be an important biomarker and a good predictor of implant failure.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,126 19 -
Fibrous dysplasia of the maxilla - Report of two cases with review
C Sumathy, C Seethalakshmi, K Saraswathy Gopal
January-February 2011, 1(2):100-104
Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental tumor like condition that is characterized by replacement of normal bone by an excessive proliferation of cellular fibrous connective tissue intermixed with irregular bony trabeculae. Fibrous dysplasia of the jaw are believed to be benign, self-limiting, nonencapsulated mainly occurring in young subjects. Although, jaw lesions of fibrous dysplasias are usually monostotic, they may occasionally be part of a polyostotic process. Enlargement of the lesions is slow and insidious and persists until cessation of growth, even though in some cases it may continue into adulthood. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the maxilla is the most common site of involvement in the facial bones and accounts for approximately 70% of those with facial involvement. Computed tomography (CT) imaging study of the disease is useful for evaluation and treatment planning. We report, two cases with a slow growing swelling in left side of face.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Simple means of management of teeth with foreign body in root canal
Pratima Shenoi, Archana Kandhari, Mohit Gunwal
January-February 2011, 1(2):78-81
Root canal procedure is a difficult procedure in itself; but when canal is obstructed by a foreign body it becomes more taxing. This is more likely to occur in teeth with open pulp chambers. Fractured teeth or teeth with incomplete endodontic treatment in which canals are open for drainage and in the case of open carious lesion; foreign objects may become a potent source of pain and focus of infection. These objects can be retrieved with some ease if they are located within the pulp chamber, but once the object has been pushed apically retrieval may become more complicated. In the present cases, the foreign object was located within the root canal and retrieved successfully by simple nonsurgical techniques.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,092 19 -
Cutting efficiency, surface change and hardness: Ez-fill safe sider instruments vs K files
Abilash , R Mensudar, Vivekandhan , Subbiya , VG Sukumaran
January-February 2011, 1(2):110-114
Endodontic therapy has made deep inroads into every sophisticated dental practice today. Adequate knowledge of the space anatomy, armamentarium and methodology are essential for successful treatment. The aim of this study is to compare the cutting efficiency, surface change and hardness of EZ-fill safe sider with K-file.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,034 19 -
Clinical and pathological evaluation of oral changes in leprosy
TS Thirugnanasambandan, S Latha, M Sathish Kumar
January-February 2011, 1(2):105-109
Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous disease involving the skin, mucous membrane and affecting peripheral nerves. One hundred seventy-two patients suffering from leprosy were examined for facial changes, tooth loss, alveolar bone loss, facial paralysis and other relevant findings. The study comprised the three types of leprosy namely tuberculoid, borderline and lepromatous.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Sucrose content of selected pediatric medications
KK Aggarwal
January-February 2011, 1(2):65-66
Full text not available  [PDF]
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From the Editor-in-chief
KMK Masthan
January-February 2011, 1(2):64-64
Full text not available  [PDF]
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