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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-110

Prevalence of habit-related oral lesions in Kolkata and the surrounding districts

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, North Bengal Dental College and Hospital, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Somnath Gangopadhyay
Department of Physiology, Occupational Ergonomics Laboratory, University of Calcutta, Rashbehari Siksha Prangan, (Commonly Known as Rajabazar Science College Campus), 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata - 700 009, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmd.ijmd_1_20

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Background: India has the highest usage of smoked and smokeless tobacco around the globe. Various studies already showed that when smoking and chewing tobacco used together, it increases the risk for developing various cancerous and precancerous lesions in the oral cavity. Context: The study was conducted among the population of Kolkata and the surrounding districts in West Bengal, India. Aim: This study aimed to know the prevalence of cancer-causing habits and to find their pattern of use as well as to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal changes due to the use of these habit products(Tobacco in any form,arqqecanut and Alcohol). Materials and Methods: Three hundred and seventy-four individuals aged 15 years and above were selected. Face-to-face interview was conducted using structured questionnaire. The data were summarized, and statistical analysis was done. Statistical Analysis: Percentage calculation was done. Results: About 42.24% of individuals (33.15% men and 9.09% women) above 15 years of age have any one or more than one cancer-causing habit. Among the study population, smoking was 26.20%, chewing was 20.32%, and drinking was 13.36%. The most prevalent oral lesion was leukoplakia (3.2%). Conclusion: The study of this nature could help clinicians, researchers, and policy makers to identify their target population.

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