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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-81

Influence of music therapy to reduce anxiety during dental procedures in the Department of Prosthodontics

Department of Prosthodontics, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neelam Abhay Pande
123, Rujuta Apartments, Flat No. 1, Pande-Lay-Out, Khamla, Nagpur - 440 025, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmd.ijmd_12_17

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Background: Music surrounds our lives. Music therapists assess emotional well-being, physical health, social functioning, and communication activities through musical responses. During all types of dental treatments, patients are very much apprehensive about the procedures. In prosthodontics, tooth preparation, patient's anxiety levels can be reduced, if his/her mind is diverted to listen to music, thus getting maximum cooperation. Aim: To reduce the anxiety levels in patients receiving fixed partial dentures (FPDs), by listening to passive music using earphones. This was a randomized control experimental study. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients requiring FPDs between the ages of 18 and 45 years were randomly selected. Patients dental anxiety scale (DAS) and their blood pressure (BP) as well as heart rate (HR) were recorded before starting the procedure. They were divided into two groups: Group I as control (without music) and Group II (with music, where patients listened to the passive music using earphones throughout the treatment). In both the groups, patient's BP and HR were also recorded at the end of impression making. The data were tabulated. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact tests. Results: From DAS scale analysis, among patients with medium and high levels of anxiety, music had a significant influence on their fear and comfort. Findings of Group I and Group II in hemodynamic variables were also much comparable including dentist's rating and patient's behavior, treatability, and cooperation during the procedure. Conclusion: The influence of music showed reduced anxiety levels among patients receiving FPDs. It also helped lower the level of tension, better treatability, and better adjustment to the prosthodontic treatment.

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