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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-109

To determine the correlation between anthropometric variable of obesity and periodontitis among Mid-Western population of Nepal

1 Department of Physiology, gunj Medical College, gunj, Nepal
2 Department of Pharmacology, gunj Medical College, gunj, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhawana Neupane Pant
Department of Physiology, Nepalgunj Medical College, Nepalgunj
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmd.ijmd_38_17

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Purpose: Periodontitis qualifies as a major public health problem owing to its high prevalence and incidence in all regions of the world. Among many predisposing factors of periodontitis such as age, hygiene, gender, socioeconomic status, and tobacco consumption, obesity also has significant impact. Although a lot of progress has been achieved in past decade on accessibility and awareness about oral health, the obesity still remains impending and burgeoning health concern in Nepal. With this trend, we can foresee that the body mass index (BMI), one of the commonly used indirect measure of obesity, might potentially turn out to be one of the leading factors of periodontitis. Materials and Methodology: We screened 300 healthy controls and divided into two groups – Group I (BMI >30) and Group II (BMI <30) to study the correlation between BMI and periodontal status. Results: Our result showed that periodontitis is significantly correlated with BMI (P = 0.023) in Group I whereas no such correlation was seen in Group II (P = 0.22). The prevalence of periodontal disease was more in Group I (43.1%) as compared to Group II (5.3%) persons (Odds ratio = 11.826 and 95% confidence interval 5.415–21.828). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the BMI can be a good predictor of periodontitis.

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