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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55-57

Ectodermal dysplasia

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Yogita Khalekar
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-6360.188239

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Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by developmental dystrophies of ectodermal structures that may result in hypotrichosis, or hypodontia and hypohidrosis. The X-linked recessive ED (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome) is the most common disorder; it affects males and is inherited through female carriers. Most patients with EDA have a normal life expectancy and normal intelligence. However, the lack of sweat glands may lead to hyperthermia, followed by brain damage or death in early infancy, if unrecognized. Thus, an early diagnosis is important. For the patients and the dentists tooth agenesis and its secondary effects on growth and development of the jaws is the most significant clinical and therapeutically problem.

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