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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 622-626

Treatment modalities in management of osteomyelitis of the jaws - A review


1 Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital. Bharath University, Pallikaranai, Chennai, India
2 Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital. Bharath University, Pallikaranai, Chennai, India
3 Senior lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital. Bharath University, Pallikaranai, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vijay Ebenezer
Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital. Bharath University, Pallikaranai, Chennai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Osteomyelitis of the jaws is still a fairly common disease in maxillofacial clinics and hospitals, despite the introduction of antibiotics and the improvement of dental and medical care. Mainly three different types of osteomyelitis are distinguished: acute and secondary chronic osteomyelitis and primary chronic osteomyelitis. They usually represent a true bacterial infection of the jawbone. Suppuration, fistula formation, and sequestration are characteristic features of this disease entity. Various treatment modalities are available for the different types of osteomyelitis of the jaw. Surgi- cal and nonsurgical approaches were used to treat the patients. Surgical treatments included superficial debridement, curettage, and extensive surgery. Nonsurgical treatments used were antibiotics, topical agents (chlorhexidine, saline), palliative treatments (local anesthetics, analgesics, and narcotics), and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). This article gives you an overview of various treatment modalities for osteomyelitis of the jaw described by various authors.


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