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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 435-440

Peripheral giant cell granuloma- A review


1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Periodontics, Dr Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, PU, Chandigarh, India
2 Associate Professor, Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Dr Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, PU, Chandigarh, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Dr Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, PU, Chandigarh, India
4 Associate Professor, Dept. of Periodontics, Dr Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, PU, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shipra Gupta
House Number 1472, Near Government Dispensary, Sector 21, Panchkula, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: The peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a relatively common benign reactive lesion of the oral cavity, originating from the periosteum or the periodontal ligament. It occurs as a result of local trauma or chronic irritation. This article presents a case of peripheral giant cell granuloma with review of literature. Methods: A 40 year old woman reported with a nodular lesion in the maxillary right premolar region of four year duration. The lesion was excised and sent for histopathologic examination which was carried out under light microscopy. Results: The biopsy specimen revealed features consistent with PGCG. In addition, mineralized tissue resembling woven bone was also evident in the deeper connective tissue. Radiographically, there was superficial erosion of the alveolar crest. The clinical and radiographic 1 year follow-up revealed uneventful soft tissue healing. Conclusion: The usual line of treatment for PGCG is local excision down to the bony base along with elimination of the local etiologic factors. Failing to do so, results in the recurrence of the growth.


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